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The science of the late renaissance was significant in establishing a base for many modern sciences. The scientist J. D. Bernal believed that "the renaissance enabled a scientific revolution which let scholars look at the world in a different light. Religion, superstition, and fear were replaced by reason and knowledge". Despite some challenges to Roman Catholic dogma, however, many notable figures of time known today as the scientific revolution-Copericus, Kepler, Newton, and even Galileo-remained devout in the faith. This period saw a fundamental transformation in scientific ideas across physics, astronomy, and biology, in institutions supporting scientific investigation, and in the more widely held picture of the universe. Brilliant minds started to question all manners of things and it was this questioning that led to the scientific revolution, which in turn formed the foundations of all modern sciences.

Nikolaus Kapernikus

Galileo Galilei

Vesalius Fabrica

Torinensis de Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium

De humani corporis fabrica libri septem (On the fabric of the human body in seven books) is a textbook of human anatomy written by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) in 1543. The book is based on his Paduan lectures, during which he deviated from common practice by dissecting a corpse to illustrate what he was discussing. It presents a careful examination of the organs and the complete structure of the human body. This would not have been possible without the many advances that had been made during the Renaissance, including both the artistic developments and the technical development of printing. Because of this, he was able to produce illustrations superior to any that had been produced up to then.

Vesalius Fabrica Fronticepiece

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